Title VII is an important part of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. It affirms and brings into law some essential rights for all Americans and prohibits discrimination based on religion, national origin, color, race, and sex. While it gained a lot of attention at the time, the law was first enacted for supporting equal rights for people of all colors; it also protects the freedom of religion in school and in the workplace.
The wording of Title VII is specific to employment; it refers to lawful and unlawful hiring practices and the handling of individuals while on the job, including college professors and other professionals. Although religious discrimination is not allowed, Title VII does allow for religious educational institutions to hire people of the same religion as teachers and staff when appropriate. Since this law first went into effect it has been applied to many other situations and now supports equal rights for people in various circumstances, including students applying to or actively attending college.
What Title VII means for students trying to get into college is that they cannot be discriminated against based on:
- religious preferences
- country of origin
Anyone who feels that a college has discriminated against him or her during the application process has legal recourse and can force the school to take a fair and impartial look at the student’s application. Such discrimination is uncommon; colleges are very aware of the consequences of treating any students unfairly.
One thing that Title VII doesn’t do is to grant special rights to anybody based on religion, race, or gender. According to this law, no test scores or applications can be altered to adjust a person’s ranking for the purposes of public education or employment. This means that when you apply to college you are reviewed based on your actual merits and not ranked because you are or are not a member of a particular race, religion, or sex.
When applying to college, Title VII provides all students with a fair and equal chance at acceptance. Once there, Title VII continues to protect students and staff alike by insuring their right to practice their religion by mandating that schools must provide reasonable accommodation for those wishing to observe various religious holidays and customs. Failure to do so can have serious consequences.